OSX interpose libraries

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OSX interpose libraries

Also see older version interpose_old for libkeepalive implementation for MacOSX

While OSX supports the dlopen(3) interface natively since 10.4 it doesn't support LD_PRELOAD library interposition (cf unix and linux.)

The corresponding environment variable is DYLD_INSERT_LIBRARIES but is supported by the run time loader (dyld) using a different mechanism. For each intercepted function there is an entry in a special object file section (__DATA, __interpose) which lists the entry point of the replacement function followed by the function to be replaced. Presumably at run(load) time dyld detects these sections in dynamic libraries passed to it. While linking dyld uses the replacement function's address to resolve references to the original symbol. I assume it is pretty much like the elf procedure linkage table(plt).

Mac OS X Internals: A Systems Approach
Amit Singh
Chapt. 2, p. 73 sect. dyld interposing

// @(#) example function interception
# include <sys/types.h>
# include <sys/socket.h>

int	MY_connect (int sd, const struct sockaddr* addr, socklen_t alen);

/* The names of everything except the section are arbitrary */
typedef	struct	interposer {
	void*	replacement;
	void*	original;
} interpose_t

static const interpose_t interposers[] \
	 __attribute__ ((section("__DATA, __interpose"))) = {
		{ .replacement = MY_connect, .original = connect },

int	MY_connect (int sd, const struct sockaddr* addr, socklen_t alen) {
	log_connect (addr);	
	return	connect (sd, addr, alen); // call original connect()

gcc -Wall -dynamiclib -o libmyconnect.dylib src.c

env DYLD_INSERT_LIBRARIES=`pwd`/libmyconnect.dylib prog 

Source files

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James Sainsbury